There are a huge range of medicines that can be used in the treatment of mental health. Given how many mental health conditions there are, it is unsurprising so many medicines exist.

This article presents a list of the various medicines that are used to treat mental health conditions. They are arranged in alphabetical order within their type of medicine.

The generic name of the medicine is listed first, with the trade name listed in parentheses.

A huge range of medicines exist


Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs)

  • Citalopram (Celexa)
  • Escitalopram (Lexapro)
  • Fluoxetine (Prozac)
  • Fluvoxamine (Faverin)
  • Paroxetine (Seroxat)
  • Sertraline (Zoloft)
  • Vortioxetine (Brintellix)

Vilazodone and Dapoxetine are also SSRIs, though Vilazodone is not available in the UK, and Dapoxetine is not used for mental health conditions.

Serotonin and Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors (SNRIs)

  • Duloxetine (Cymbalta)
  • Venlafaxine (Effexor)

Levomilnacipran, Milnacipran and Desvenlafaxine are also SNRIs, though they are not used in the United Kingdom.

Tricyclic Antidepressants (TCAs)

  • Amitriptyline (Elavil)
  • Clomipramine (Anafranil)
  • Dosulepin (Prothiaden)
  • Doxepin (Sinequan)
  • Imipramine (Tofranil)
  • Lofepramine (Gamanil)
  • Nortriptyline (Pamelor)
  • Trimipramine (Surmontil)

Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOIs)

  • Isocarboxazid (Marplan)
  • Phenelzine (Nardil)
  • Tranylcypromine (Parnate)
  • Moclobemide (Manerix)

Atypical Antidepressants

  • Agomelatine (Valdoxan)
  • Mianserin (Tolvon)
  • Mirtazapine (Remeron)
  • Reboxetine (Edronax)

Bupropion (Wellbutrin) is not licensed in the United Kingdom. Nefazodone (Dutonin) is no longer available in the UK. Amitriptyline/Perphenazine (Triptafen) is a combination medicine that is not offered in the UK.


Typical Antipsychotics

  • Benperidol (Anquil)
  • Chlorpromazine (Largactil)
  • Droperidol (Inapsine)
  • Flupentixol (Depixol)
  • Haloperidol (Haldol)
  • Levomepromazine (Nozinan)
  • Loxapine (Adasuve)
  • Pericyazine (Neulactil)
  • Perphenazine (Fentazin)
  • Pimozide (Orap)
  • Prochlorperazine (Stemetil)
  • Promazine (Sparine)
  • Sulpiride (Sulpor)
  • Trifluoperazine (Stelazine)
  • Zuclopenthixol (Clopixol)

Atypical Antipsychotics

  • Amisulpride (Solian)
  • Aripiprazole (Abilify)
  • Asenapine (Sycrest)
  • Cariprazine (Reagila)
  • Lurasidone (Latuda)
  • Olanzapine (Zyprexa)
  • Paliperidone (Invega)
  • Quetiapine (Seroquel)
  • Risperidone (Risperdal)

Mood Stabilisers

  • Carbamazepine (Tegretol)
  • Lamotrigine (Lamictal)
  • Lithium Carbonate
  • Sodium Valproate (Depakote)


  • Alprazolam (Xanax)
  • Chlordiazepoxide (Librium)
  • Clobazam (Frisium)
  • Clonazepam (Klonopin)
  • Diazepam (Valium)
  • Flurazepam (Dalmane)
  • Loprazolam (Dormonoct)
  • Lorazepam (Ativan)
  • Lormetazepam (Dormagen)
  • Nitrazepam (Mogadon)
  • Oxazepam
  • Temazepam (Restoril)
  • Midazolam (Buccolam)

Sedatives, Hypnotics & Anxiolytics


  • Phenobarbital (Luminal)
  • Primidone (Mysoline)
  • Sodium Thiopental (Sodium Pentothal)


  • Zolpidem (Ambien)
  • Zopiclone (Zimovane)

Analgesics (Painkillers)

Non-opioid Painkillers

  • Text

Opioid Painkillers

  • Text


When taking any psychiatric medicine, the aim is for the mental health of the patient to improve. Medicine can certainly help with this.

But having a treatment regimen that involves a form of talking therapy, exercise, self-care, and medication – is important and will maximise your chances of recovery.

See Also



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